Nation-to-Nation

Respect, Reconciliation and Action

 Throughout my campaign, I’ve put forward big, transformative ideas that will reshape Canada into the fair, green and prosperous country New Democrats and progressives want to see.

 

To create the Canada of our shared future, we must take an honest look at our past. A fair reckoning of our country’s history must include the reality of colonization and of neo-colonialism’s impact on the Indigenous Peoples of this land.  

 

As we look to the future, let us recommit ourselves to building a true nation-to-nation relationship between the federal government and Indigenous Peoples that is founded on reconciliation, respect, real action and direct consultation.

 

A Caron government will:

  • Adopt and implement all recommendations from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) that fall under the purview of the federal government.

  • Immediately sign the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). 

  • Commit to regular and agreed upon nation-to-nation consultations regarding Treaty implementation, and timelines and mechanisms for the implementation of TRC recommendations and UNDRIP obligations.

  • Develop a process to jointly develop a Royal Proclamation of Reconciliation and Covenant of Reconciliation based on principles of engagement asserted in UNDRIP.

  • Provide new funding for Indigenous governance at a local level to support strengthening local governance systems and nation rebuilding.

  • Undertake a joint review with Indigenous Peoples of key federal laws and policies to arrive at improved and streamlined policy suggestions that are consistent with the articles of UNDRIP.

  • Establish a new National Council for Reconciliation to monitor, evaluate and report on this process annually. The National Council for Reconciliation will be established by the Parliament of Canada in consultation with Indigenous Peoples.

  • Serve as an honest broker with other entities such as the provinces and territories and the Catholic Church, to advocate for their agreement with and implementation of the TRC report, and on issues such as education, curriculum reform and more.

 

As part of this essential nation-to-nation dialogue, Guy Caron commits to engage on the following key issues:

 

Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls

  • Reset and modify the mandate and processes of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls in consultation with affected families and organizations engaged in violence reduction and advocacy for Indigenous women, girls, and members of the LGTBQ2S community.  This will include providing additional funding with guidance from Indigenous women, girls, and LGBTQ2S people and impacted families.

  • Remove all policy barriers that inhibit the work of the National Inquiry.

  • Expand the scope of the National Inquiry to include policing practices and policies, and, upon request, participate in Four Corner Table processes involving Indigenous Peoples and organizations that have been affected by violence, as well as federal, provincial, and municipal governments to address issues of community safety and discrimination against Indigenous women, girls and LGBTQ2S people.

  • Immediately introduce funds for community engagement and consultation, healing processes as directed by women, girls, LGBTQ2S people and families who have been impacted by violence.

  • Provide additional resources for families at risk that include exploring consultations with Indigenous Peoples about how to best support and improve housing, food security issues, and intergenerational trauma.

 

Clean Water Pledge

  • Repeal the Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act, as resolved by the Chiefs-in-Assembly, and replace it with a new agreement arrived at with the collaboration and consent of Indigenous Peoples. 

  • Make a solemn pledge to provide clean water to all Indigenous communities, and commit an initial $4.7 billion over 10 years to upgrade water systems in Indigenous communities.

  • Create new resource co-management agreements and assist with developing and implementing water sustainability plans with First Nations, Inuit and Metis peoples with representation from the Assembly of First Nations (AFN) and grassroots organizations and leadership.

  • Assess and include in federal government reviews the impacts of major energy projects on watersheds and water resources in partnership and consultation with Indigenous Peoples.

 

Environment, Energy and Climate Change

  • Consult and collaborate through the Canadian Energy Transmission Commission (CETC) and the Canadian Energy Information Agency (CEIA) (two new bodies to be created with the overhaul of the National Energy Board as called for in Climate Justice: A Progressive Agenda for Change LINK) with all affected Indigenous partners to seek free, prior and informed consent for all pipeline and natural gas projects.

  • Support the establishment of a Joint Committee on Climate Action between Indigenous Peoples and the federal government to ensure inclusion and free, prior and informed consent on any proposed climate change plans and policies. 

  • Communicate to US President Donald Trump the Canadian federal government’s support for the protection of the sacred calving grounds of the Porcupine Caribou Herd. 

  

Job Creation, Poverty Elimination and Economic Activity

  • Undertake discussions with the AFN, grassroots Indigenous organizations and individual Indigenous rightsholders on the development of a new fiscal nation-to-nation relationship between the federal government and Indigenous Peoples.

  • In coordination with Indigenous communities, hold a nation-to-nation dialogue to develop best practices to share revenues from resource extraction projects in Indigenous territories that have obtained the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples.

  • Track and publish poverty rates on reserves and territories through a new national survey which follows the Indigenous research principles outlined in Ownership, Control, Access, and Possession (OCAP), examining employment and economic activity on reserves. Using this data, develop a new Indigenous Labour Market and Human Resources Development Strategy on a nation-to-nation basis.

  • Make Basic Income available to all First Nations, Inuit and Metis peoples living below the low-income cutoff (LICO) in their respective communities.

  • In consultation with Indigenous Peoples, implement my Workers First: 21st Century Jobs and Growth plan to provide transitional supports for Indigenous communities and help direct investments into reserves and territories for job creation, renewable energy production, and new infrastructure projects.

  • Update regulations for federally-regulated financial institutions to introduce fair disclosure rules and basic banking regulations to address issues such as accessibility, product appropriateness, and staff training. This will be paired with the development and implementation of more stringent enforcement mechanisms with regard to predatory and racially discriminatory financial practices.

 

Housing

  • With First Nations, Inuit and Metis partners, negotiate the creation of an annual standardized fund to be managed by Indigenous communities, to deliver safe and sustainable zero-emissions housing on reserves. This includes a minimum commitment of $770 million annually to cover the existing $10 billion on-reserve housing deficit.

  • Jointly develop Terms of Reference with representation from the AFN, individual Indigenous rightsholders, regional Indigenous political and community housing organizations for the establishment of a Working Group to create a First Nations National Housing and Infrastructure Strategy, which will include long term planning for both on- and off-reserve housing.

 

Education

  • Immediately eliminate the discrepancy in federal education funding for Indigenous children being educated on and off reserves. This includes a firm commitment to invest $724 million/year on Indigenous post-secondary education and to immediately rescind the 2% cap on funding.

  • As called for in UNDRIP, immediately repeal Section 43 of the Criminal Code of Canada to prevent violence against children in the name of correction.

  • Consult with Indigenous educators and administrators to develop a joint strategy to eliminate educational gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples.

  • Draft a new education legislation with the full participation and informed consent of Indigenous peoples that is consistent with the articles outlined in UNDRIP.

  • Using the research principles outlined in OCAP, facilitate evidence-based decision-making, publish annual reports tracking funding for the education of Indigenous children on and off reserves, and develop a research process to compare educational and income data of Indigenous peoples with that of non-Indigenous people to aggressively work towards closing the gap.

  • In consultation with Indigenous Peoples, develop a strategy to revitalize Indigenous languages, including enacting a new Indigenous Languages Act incorporating the following principles: recognizing that Indigenous rights include Indigenous language rights; providing dedicated funding for the revitalization and preservation of Indigenous languages (and ensuring that it reflects the diversity of Indigenous languages); recognizing that the process of preserving, revitalizing and strengthening of Indigenous languages is best managed by Indigenous Peoples; appointing, in consultation with Indigenous groups, an Indigenous Languages Commissioner to help promote Indigenous languages and ensure appropriate funding of language initiatives; encouraging post-secondary educational institutions to create new university and college degree and diploma programs in Indigenous languages; and finally, calling upon all levels of government to enable residential school Survivors and their families to reclaim names changed by the residential school system by waiving administrative costs for a period of five years for the name-change process and the revision of official identity documents, such as birth certificates, passports, driver’s licenses, health cards, status cards, and social insurance numbers.

 

Health and Wellness

  • Implement Jordan’s Principle

  • Immediately restore $14.778 million/yr to Indigenous provincial and territorial representative organizations, and negotiate additional funding.

  • Improve training and retention for health professionals working in Indigenous communities by immediately restoring funding to the Aboriginal Health Human Resources Initiative to 2005-2010 levels (an increase of $15.5 million per year).

  • Under the direction of Indigenous Peoples, support Indigenous communities in rebuilding traditional knowledge systems around health and wellness, including mental health programming, through an initial investment of $27.9 million/yr.

  • Through Health Canada and the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch (FNIHB), increase investment into the Health Facilities Capital Program by $350 million to clear existing waitlists, and commit an additional $20.9 million/yr to clear backlogs and prevent future delays.

  • Through Health Canada-FNIHB, dedicate $65 million/yr to eHealth initiatives in all Indigenous communities based on locally-identified community needs and priorities. 

  • Make the Aboriginal Head Start On-Reserve program universally accessible by increasing funding from $59 million to $347 million/yr.

  • Make Children’s Oral Health Initiative (COHI) programming universally accessible to all Indigenous children (0-18 years of age) on reserve by increasing funding by $3.5 million/yr.

  • Increase Health Canada-FNIHB HIV/AIDS funding by $16.8 million/yr to achieve UNAIDS targets.

  • Make a catch-up investment of $79.5 million for Indigenous home care funding, which has not seen any program growth since 1999; and using the latest population figures, increase Indigenous home care funding by $62.1 million/yr.

  • Fully fund Indigenous palliative and end-of-life care at $50 million/yr.

  • Through Health Canada-FNIHB, ensure wage parity for community-based workers within mental health and substance abuse programming through additional funding of $232.29 million/annually.

  • Through Health Canada-FNIHB, increase the annual escalator for the NIHB program from the current rate of 5% to 8%, which will require an additional $35.4 million, for a total increase of $94.4 million.